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Protecting your Eyes? We've got you covered!

With many eye protection choices in today’s marketplace it can be laborious and costly to find a solution as unique to every employee. As the law requires that adequate eye protection is worn in applicable situations (OHSA Reg. 213/91 sec.24, Reg. 851 sec.81, Reg. 855 sec.23) Let us assist in evaluating solutions that are safe and make sen$e.

How do I recognize safety glasses?

Lenses: The Canadian Standards Association (CSA)-certified safety glasses have plastic polycarbonate lenses. They are stronger than regular lenses, are impact-resistant and come in prescription and non-prescription (plano) forms.

Markings on safety glasses: The manufacturer or supplier logo is marked (or etched) on all approved safety lenses, frames (front and temple), removable side shields and other parts of the glasses, goggles or helmets.

Frames: Safety frames are stronger than street-wear frames and are often heat resistant. They are also designed to prevent lenses from being pushed into the eyes.

What are the pros and cons of the different lenses?

Comparison of Lens Materials

Material

Characteristics

Polycarbonate

  • Strongest material for impact resistance

  • Lightweight

  • Can be coated for scratch resistance

  • Most have built-in UV radiation protection

Plastic (CR39)

  • About one-half the weight of glass

  • Resistant to solvents and pitting

  • More choices for coatings and tinting

Glass

  • High-density material (heavy lenses)

  • Loses impact resistance if scratched

  • Does not meet impact criteria as set by CSA

From: "Z94.3.1-02 Protective Eyewear: A User's Guide" by Canadian Standards Association, 2002.


What is the difference between plastic and polycarbonate?

The "standard plastic" lenses in safety glasses are often called "Hard Resin", "CR-39 plastic" or just "plastic" lenses. CR-39® is actually a PPG Industries registered trade name for a DADC (diallyl diglycol carbonate) polymer that was introduced in 1941. The "CR" stands for Columbia Resin and CR-39 was the 39th batch or formula made by Columbia Laboratories in Ohio. This polymer is a polycarbonate but its starting materials are different from the resins used in safety glasses with "polycarbonate" lenses. The "hard resin" or "CR-39 plastic" is a thermoset plastic meaning it cannot be molded or bent when heated.

On the other hand, the polycarbonate polymers (e.g., Lexan®, a GE trade name) are thermoplastic which means that the lenses can be formed by melting polycarbonate pellets and injecting them into a mold.

What should I know about the fit and care of safety glasses?

If eye protection is required, establish a complete eye safety protection program including selection, fit testing, training, maintenance and inspection.

Fit

  • Ensure your safety glasses fit properly. Eye size, bridge size and temple length all vary. Safety glasses should be individually assigned and fitted.

  • Wear safety glasses so that the temples fit comfortably over the ears. The frame should be as close to the face as possible and adequately supported by the bridge of the nose.

Care

Safety glasses need maintenance.

  • Clean your safety glasses daily. Follow the manufacturer's instructions. Avoid rough handling that can scratch lenses.

  • Scratches impair vision and can weaken lenses.

  • Store your safety glasses in a clean, dry place where they cannot fall or be stepped on. Keep them in a case when they are not being worn.

  • Replace scratched, pitted, broken, bent or ill-fitting glasses. Damaged glasses interfere with vision and do not provide protection.

  • Replace damaged parts only with identical parts from the original manufacturer to ensure the same safety rating.

How do I select the proper safety glasses and face protection?

If you are at risk for eye or face injury at work, you should wear appropriate protection.

To select the proper protectors follow the recommendations in the table below.

Selection of Eye and Face Protection

Note: This table cannot cover all possible hazards and combinations that may occur. Examine each situation carefully and select the appropriate protector or combination of protectors.

*indicates recommended protection

 
 
      

      


A B A B C     A B C D A B C

Flying Objects

Chipping, drilling, scaling, grinding, polishing, buffing, riveting, punching, shearing, hammer mills, crushing, heavy sawing, planning, wire and strip handling, hammering, unpacking, nailing, punch press, lathework, etc.

*   * *       * *     *    

Flying particles, dust, wind, etc.

Woodworking, sanding, light metal working and machining, exposure to dust and wind, resistance welding (no radiation exposure), sand, cement, aggregate handling, painting, concrete work, plastering, material batching and mixing

*   * *       * *     *    

Heat, sparks and splash from molten materials

Babbiting, casting, pouring molten metal, brazing, soldering, spot welding, stud welding, hot dipping operations

  *     *         * *   * *

Acid splash, chemical burns

Acid and alkali handling, degreasing, pickling and plating operations, glass breakage, chemical spray, liquid bitumen handling

      *         *     *    

Abrasive blasting materials

Sand blasting, shot blasting, shotcreting

      *         *     *    

Glare, stray light (for reduction of visible radiation)

Reflecting, bright sun and lights, reflected welding flash, photographic copying

*   * *       * *     *    

Injurious optical radiation (moderate reduction of optical radiation)

Torch cutting, welding, brazing, furnace work, metal pouring, spot welding, photographic copyring

  *     *         *     *  

Injurious optical radiation (large reduction of optical radiation)

Electric arc welding, heavy gas cutting, plasma spraying and cutting, inert gas shielded arc welding, atomic hydrogen welding


From: "Z94.3.1-02 Protective Eyewear: A User's Guide" by Canadian Standards Association, 2002.


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